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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1996 Feb 20;934:1683-8.
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Signal transduction by activated mNotch: importance of proteolytic processing and its regulation by the extracellular domain.

Kopan R , Schroeter EH , Weintraub H , Nye JS .

Previous studies imply that the intracellular domain of Notch1 must translocate to the nucleus for its activity. In this study, we demonstrate that a mNotch1 mutant protein that lacks its extracellular domain but retains its membrane-spanning region becomes proteolytically processed on its intracellular surface and, as a result, the activated intracellular domain (mNotchIC) is released and can move to the nucleus. Proteolytic cleavage at an intracellular site is blocked by protease inhibitors. Intracellular cleavage is not seen in cells transfected with an inactive variant, which includes the extracellular lin-Notch-glp repeats. Collectively, the studies presented here support the model that mNotch1 is proteolytically processed and the cleavage product is translocated to the nucleus for mNotch1 signal transduction.

PubMed ID: 8643690
PMC ID: PMC40002
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: notch1

References [+] :
Artavanis-Tsakonas, Notch signaling. 1995, Pubmed